Fouling, especially soot and carbon build-up, not only reduces engine performance, but it can also have serious (and almost always expensive) consequences.
The injection system becomes fouled not only by deposits in the fuel tank, but also by the crankcase breather, air filter contamination, blocked injectors and carbonated valves.
A fouled engine causes harmful gas emissions (in the case of petrol engines) and soot emissions (in diesel engines). These contaminated exhaust emissions may also explain why your vehicle's catalytic converter is not functioning optimally....resulting in a serious loss of fuel efficiency.
This directly impacts the fuel delivery system, which can cause a fluctuating lambda signal, and/or error codes in the engine management system. In this situation it becomes almost impossible to achieve a correct air-fuel ratio. This in turn can cause expensive damage to the catalytic converter.
CATACLEAN addresses these problems by cleaning the fuel system, valves, pistons and catalytic converter, thereby increasing fuel efficiency and reducing emissions, ensuring optimal engine performance.
Catalytic converters are fitted to both petrol and diesel engines and contribute to the reduction of harmful exhaust gases, such as hydrocarbon (HC) and carbon monoxide (CO).
The exhaust gases pass through a honeycomb brick, which is coated with noble metals (i.e., platinum, palladium and/or rhodium), which convert undesirable hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide and water, and nitrogen oxides to nitrogen and water.
Faulty combustion can cause extensive damage to the catalytic converter. This is why it is important that the engine run efficiently and the air-fuel ratio mixture is in the correct proportions.
When the catalytic converter is clogged and the surface becomes coated with carbon deposits, it is not able to efficiently convert exhaust gases. In extreme cases, the exhaust gases are so restricted that they try to pass by either side of the honeycomb brick, causing it to break apart. Then the catalytic converter must be replaced — a very expensive repair.
Automobiles and Carbon Monoxide
What is Carbon Monoxide? Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, poisonous gas. A product of incomplete burning of hydrocarbon-based fuels, carbon monoxide consists of a carbon atom and an oxygen atom linked together.
Why is Carbon Monoxide a Public Health Problem?
Carbon monoxide enters the bloodstream through the lungs and forms carboxyhemoglobin, a compound that inhibits the blood's capacity to carry oxygen to organs and tissues. Persons with heart disease are especially sensitive to carbon monoxide poisoning and may experience chest pain if they breathe the gas while exercising. Infants, the elderly, and individuals with respiratory diseases are also particularly sensitive. Carbon monoxide can affect healthy individuals, impairing exercise capacity, visual perception, manual dexterity, learning functions, and the ability to perform complex tasks.
How is Carbon Monoxide Formed?
Carbon monoxide results from incomplete combustion of fuel and is emitted directly from vehicle tailpipes. Incomplete combustion is most likely to occur at low air-to-fuel ratios in the engine. These conditions are common during vehicle start-up when air supply is restricted ("choked"), when cars are not tuned properly, and at altitude, where "thin" air effectively reduces the amount of oxygen available for combustion (except in cars that are designed or adjusted to compensate for altitude).
Nationwide, two-thirds of carbon monoxide emissions come from transportation sources, with the largest contribution coming from highway motor vehicles. In urban areas, the motor vehicle contribution to carbon monoxide pollution can exceed 90 percent.
Automobile Emissions: An Overview